Generic Name: Synalar
What is Synalar?
Electrocardiographic monitoring may be required after ingestion, since malignant tachyarrhythmias can appear after overdose. Care should be exercised when administering adrenergic agents, such as isoproterenol, to patients with a SYMMETREL amantadine hydrochloride overdose, since the dopaminergic activity of SYMMETREL amantadine hydrochloride has been reported to induce malignant arrhythmias.
The blood electrolytes, urine pH and urinary output should be monitored. If there is no record of recent voiding, catheterization should be done. SYMMETREL amantadine hydrochloride is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to amantadine hydrochloride or to any of the other ingredients in SYMMETREL amantadine hydrochloride.
The mechanism by which amantadine exerts its antiviral activity is not clearly understood. The mechanism of action of amantadine in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and drug-induced extrapyramidal reactions is not known. Data from earlier animal studies suggest that SYMMETREL amantadine hydrochloride may have direct and indirect effects on dopamine neurons.
Although amantadine has not been shown to possess direct anticholinergic activity in animal studies, clinically, it exhibits anticholinergic-like side effects such as dry mouth, urinary retention, and constipation.
Amantadine is used to treat Parkinson's disease and conditions similar to those of Parkinson's disease. It also is used to prevent and treat respiratory infections caused by influenza A virus. Amantadine comes as a capsule and liquid to take by mouth. It is usually taken once or twice a day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.
Take amantadine exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop taking amantadine without talking to your doctor. If this medication causes insomnia difficulty sleepingtake the last dose several hours before bedtime.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children.
Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture not in the bathroom. Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them.
How should I take Synalar?
It blocks the action of certain viruses in the body to treat and prevent respiratory infections caused by the influenza A virus. How is Symmetrel used. Symmetrel is usually taken orally 1 to 2 times per day or as directed by a doctor. The tablets can be taken with or without food but should be taken along with a full glass of water. Do not discontinue the medication without consulting a doctor as abruptly stopping the medication may cause the conditions to worsen.
Adverse effects Patients using Symmetrel may encounter unwanted side effects such as: Contact a doctor immediately should side effects persist or encounter more severe side effects such as:Warnings Immediately proceed to your nearest emergency department if you suffer an allergic reaction.
What should I avoid while taking Synalar?
It is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist what medicines you are already taking, including those bought without a prescription and herbal medicines, before you start treatment with this medicine. Similarly, check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new medicines with this one, to make sure that the combination is safe.
There may be an increased risk of side effects such as blurred vision, constipation, confusion, dry mouth, hallucinations and nightmares if amantadine is taken with other medicines that have antimuscarinic effects, including the following:There may be an increased risk of side effects if the following medicines are taken with amantadine:In isolated cases, amantadine may worsen psychotic symptoms in people taking antipsychotic medicines.
If you are taking antipsychotic medicines you should not stop taking amantadine suddenly, as this can increase the risk of side effects from the antipsychotic medicine. The web site does not have answers to all problems.
Answers to specific problems may not apply to everyone. If you notice medical symptoms or feel ill, you should consult your doctor - for further information see our Terms and conditions. However in practice it is no longer used for this purpose because there are other more effective medicines now available.
Synalar side effects
In the treatment of Parkinson's disease, Symmetrel is less effective than levodopa, - -3- 3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl -L-alanine, and its efficacy in comparison with the anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs has not yet been established. Although anticholinergic type side effects have been noted with Symmetrel when used in patients with drug-induced extrapyramidal reactions, there is a lower incidence of these side effects than that observed with anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs.
The development of new medicines and the understanding of how best to use them and the older drugs have significantly improved the quality of life for people with the disease. There is currently no treatment that has been proven to affect the disease progression or development of medication that can slow the disease process.
There are two general approaches to the treatment of PD- improve the symptoms with medications and engage in physical therapy.
Common Synalar ide effects may include:
Taking your medicine at the same times each day will have the best effect.
Take it as soon as you remember.
People with Parkinson's disease may have an increased risk for developing skin cancer melanoma.
If you are taking amantadine to treat influenza A, take the medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor.
Keep this with you and update it as necessary. Review possible drug side effects. Most reactions will occur when a new drug is started, but this is not always the case. Patients with influenza A2 receiving amantadine had a shorter duration of fever and were in bed for a shorter time than those receiving placebo.
Where can I get more information?
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Further Information see less Symmetrel general information What is Symmetrel used for.