Generic Name: Glucophage
What is Glucophage?
In a clinical trial of 286 subjects, 53. The discomfort can often be avoided by beginning at a low dose 1. A systematic review concluded no data exists to definitively link metformin to lactic acidosis. Phenformin, another biguanide, was withdrawn from the market because of an increased risk of lactic acidosis rate of 40-64 per 100,000 patient-years. In healthy individuals, this slight excess is cleared by other mechanisms including uptake by unimpaired kidneysand no significant elevation in blood levels of lactate occurs.
Because metformin decreases liver uptake of lactate, any condition that may precipitate lactic acidosis is a contraindication. A review of metformin overdoses reported to poison control centers over a five-year period found serious adverse events were rare, though the elderly appeared to be at greater risk.
Extracorporeal treatments are recommended in severe overdoses.
If higher doses are required, may switch to immediate-release product. Use: To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Safety and effectiveness of metformin extended-release has not been established in pediatric patients less than 18 years of age.
Use: To improve glycemic control in children with type 2 diabetes mellitus as an adjunct to diet and exercise. You may be more likely to have hyperglycemia high blood sugar if you take Glucophage with other drugs that can raise blood sugar, such as:This list is not complete. Other drugs may increase or decrease the effects of Glucophage on lowering your blood sugar. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide. Other brands: Glumetza, Riomet, FortametDiabetes, Type 2 metformin, insulin aspart, glipizide, glimepiride, Januvia, Victoza, Invokana, Tradjenta, pioglitazone, glyburide, Actos, Janumet, Lantus, Amaryl, Levemir, Trulicity, Tresiba, Farxiga, Humalog, Novolog, Jardiance, Welchol, sitagliptin, Onglyza, Bydureon, More.
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How should I take Glucophage?
Type 1 diabetes is treated with: insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with: weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as: the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets. Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
What should I avoid while taking Glucophage?
For oral dosage form tablets :Adults-Metformin alone: At first, 500 milligrams mg two times a day taken with the morning and evening meals, or 850 mg a day taken with the morning meal. Later, your doctor may want you to take 500 or 850 mg two to three times a day with meals.
However, the dose is usually not more than 2550 mg per day. Metformin with insulin: At first, 500 mg a day. Your doctor may increase your dose by 500 mg every week if needed until your blood sugar is controlled.
Children 10 to 16 years of age-At first, 500 mg two times a day taken with the morning and evening meals. Missed DoseTOP If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible.
Glucophage side effects
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Common Glucophage ide effects may include:
People feel different symptoms of low blood sugar.
Doctors monitor metformin patients for this kind of side effect.
Nonmedicinal ingredients: magnesium stearate and povidone.
Do not double doses. Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do.
This is a decision you and your doctor will make.
Where can I get more information?
The biologically inert components of the tablet may occasionally remain intact during GI transit and will be eliminated in the feces as a soft, hydrated mass.
Tell your doctor about the results and of any symptoms of high or low blood sugar.