Generic Name: Coumadin
What is Coumadin?
Similarly, another survey found that the majority of oncologists utilize thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients very rarely, despite the fact that VTE is a leading cause of death in this population Kakkar 2003. Table 2 shows the standard reference ranges and optimal levels recommended by Life Extension for blood parameters associated with risk of thrombosis or its complications.
Hemostasis, a process that maintains the blood in a free-flowing state and helps stop bleeding during injury, is critical for survival. Blood clotting or coagulation is necessary to repair not only large injuries to blood vessels, but also the thousands of microscopic internal tears that happen daily under normal circumstances.
Without a proper hemostatic response, the smallest of vessel injuries would lead to fatal hemorrhage bleeding. However, if the intricate balance among hemostatic mechanisms is disturbed, the tendency for a clot to become pathologic dramatically increases.
The steps below briefly outline key aspects of the clotting process. This list also highlights points at which some drugs and natural compounds can combat derangement of the clotting system and offset thrombosis risk. Normal blood clotting is a complex process, consisting of three major phases: 1 vasoconstriction, 2 temporary blockage of a break by a platelet plug, and 3 blood coagulation, or formation of a clot that seals the hole until tissue repair occurs.
The following four steps summarize clot formation, and also highlight key areas that pharmaceutical drugs and some natural compounds target in order to impede clotting:Rarely, some individuals develop a condition called heparin-induced thrombycytopenia HIT after receiving heparin.
This is due to genetic differences in the immune response of these patients.
INR levels are very important because it tells your doctor how likely your blood will clot within a certain about of time. If your INR is too high, you are at increased risk for uncontrolled bleeding. If your INR is too low, you are at increased risk for developing blood clots. Your doctor will want your INR results within a certain range that is unique to you and your health situation. Ask your doctor what your INR safe range is. If your doctor does not call you within 24 hours of when your blood was drawn, then you need to call them.
It is best to take it in the evening. It does not matter whether you take it on a full or empty stomach. For more information, contact the Craig Hospital Nurse Advice Line at 1-800-247-0257. Disclaimer: The content in this document is intended for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. No professional relationship is implied or otherwise established by reading this document. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider.
Many of the resources references are not affiliated with Craig Hospital. Craig Hospital assumes no liability for any third party material or for any action or inaction taken as a result of any content or any suggestions made in this document and should not be relied upon without independent investigation.
How should I take Coumadin?
Breast-feeding: It is not known if warfarin passes into human breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking this medication, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding. Children: The safety and effectiveness of this medication have not been established for children less than 18 years of age.
However, the use of warfarin by children is necessary in certain situations. If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them.
Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
What should I avoid while taking Coumadin?
Much is unknown about dietary supplements. An increased INR reading or one that is above your target range means that your blood is less likely to clot. This puts you at an increased risk for bleeding problems than when the INR is in your target range. Herbal and Dietary Supplements Many dietary supplements such as ginkgo, St.
This care is exemplified in our management of patients on blood thinners like warfarin Coumadin. The t time will be longer for patients taking blood thinners, but still needs to be within a carefully controlled range. INR can be affected by medication dosage, diet, other medications including over-the-counter drugs, and other factors which will be carefully review with your by our staff.
Our top cardiac care providers monitor patients very closely and compassionately to ensure optimal treatment outcomes and patient well-being.
Coumadin side effects
Your doctor has weighed up the risks of you taking Coumadin against the expected benefits. Coumadin contains an active ingredient called warfarin. This type of medication is called an anticoagulant. It helps to prevent blood from excessive clotting or forming harmful clots. Excessive clotting sometimes occurs when physical mobility is low.
Common Coumadin ide effects may include:
Intervention: In some medical emergencies involving an embolic event, such as embolic stroke, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction heart attackTPA can be administered intravenously to dissolve the blood clot and improve clinical outcome.
It is also wise for such emergency identification to contain the name and phone number of the clinician who is responsible for managing your anticoagulation so that they can be contacted readily.
For patients with tilting disk valves and bileaflet mechanical valves in the mitral position, therapy with warfarin to a target INR of 3.
Cases of bleeding from this interaction have been reported.
Your dose of COUMADIN will be adjusted to keep your INR in a target range for you. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following signs or symptoms of bleeding problems: pain, swelling, or discomfort headaches, dizziness, or weakness unusual bruising bruises that develop without known cause or grow in size nosebleeds bleeding gums bleeding from cuts takes a long time to stop menstrual bleeding or vaginal bleeding that is heavier than normal pink or brown urine red or black stools coughing up blood vomiting blood or material that looks like coffee grounds Some foods and beverages can interact with COUMADIN and affect your treatment and dose.
Eat a normal, balanced diet. Always tell all of your healthcare providers that you take COUMADIN. Wear or carry information that you take COUMADIN.
Where can I get more information?
If you have any questions about your medication, please discuss them with your health care provider doctor, pharmacist, or nurse.
How about the Coumadin package insert online.