Generic Name: Chloromycetin
What is Chloromycetin?
Plasma levels should be monitored in patients with renal impairment, but this is not mandatory. Chloramphenicol succinate ester an intravenous prodrug form is readily excreted unchanged by the kidneys, more so than chloramphenicol base, and this is the major reason why levels of chloramphenicol in the blood are much lower when given intravenously than orally. Plasma levels should be monitored in all children under the age of four, the elderly, and patients with renal failure.
Manufacture of oral chloramphenicol in the U. No oral formulation of chloramphenicol is now available in the U. The intravenous IV preparation of chloramphenicol is the succinate ester, because pure chloramphenicol does not dissolve in water. It has the great advantage of requiring only a single injection, whereas ceftriaxone is traditionally given daily for five days.
Isolated case reports of aplastic anaemia following use of chloramphenicol eyedrops exist, but the risk is estimated to be less than one in 224,716 prescriptions.
Chloramphenicol has been used to treat tick-transmitted diseases in animals, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Chloramphenicol is not effective against infections caused by parasites intestinal wormsmites, viruses, or fungi.
While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, chloramphenicol can cause side effects in some animals. Chloramphenicol should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug. The most serious adverse effect in people is an irreversible suppression of the blood-forming cells aplastic anemia.
For this reason, chloramphenicol exposure in humans should be limited as much as possible. This reaction aplastic anemia is not possible in animals, however chloramphenicol may suppress the blood-forming cells in a reversible manner if administered for prolonged periods at high doses. In cats, for example, this reaction may be observed after two weeks of continuous treatment.
Do not administer chloramphenicol to pregnant animals or very young animals. Chloramphenicol may interact with other medications. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving could interact with chloramphenicol. Such drugs include various other antibiotics, phenobarbital and cyclophosphamide. Cats are most susceptible to adverse reactions from chloramphenicol.
Find out if it's right for you.
How should I take Chloromycetin?
Chloramphenicol may interact with other medications. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving could interact with chloramphenicol. Such drugs include various other antibiotics, phenobarbital and cyclophosphamide.
Cats are most susceptible to adverse reactions from chloramphenicol. Find out if it's right for you. Get a quick quote. Uses of Chloramphenicol for Dogs and Cats Chloramphenicol is used in both dogs and cats to treat a variety of bacterial infections, including skin infections, wound infections, bone infections, infections of the central nervous system encephalitis, meningitispneumonia, and infections of the intestinal tract such as diarrhea. Precautions and Side Effects While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, chloramphenicol can cause side effects in some animals.
What should I avoid while taking Chloromycetin?
It is considered a prototypical broad-spectrum antibiotic, alongside the tetracyclines. Chloramphenicol is effective against a wide variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including most anaerobic organisms. In low-income countries, chloramphenicol is still widely used because it is exceedingly inexpensive and readily available.
The Handbook of Media for Clinical and Public Health Microbiology provides a compilation of the formulations, methods of preparation, and applications for media used in clinical and public health microbiology laboratories.
It is a significant update to the Handbook of Media for Clinical Microbiology, expanding the coverage to media used for public health epidemiological investigations of disease outbreaks and including media used for the detection of pathogens in foods and environmental samples.
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I was really glad there are still other medications now in the market that can eliminate typhoid fever aside from Chloromycetin chloramphenicol.
Chloromycetin side effects
Do not use for longer or shorter period than prescribed by your doctor unless your doctor tells you otherwise. If you are using another kind of eye medication e. There have been some side effects reported like burning or stinging sensation, allergic reactions, pale skin, sore throat and fever and unusual tiredness or weakness. How does chloromycetin work. How to use chloromycetin eye drops Before using any eye drop, wash your hands thoroughly to avoid contamination.
How to use chloromycetin ear drops the dose of chloromycetin ear drop varies for different people and as it is a prescription medication, your doctor or pharmacist will tell you the right amount to use. Precaution to take while using chloromycetin antibiotics Do not take by mouth when using the eye drops, ear drop or eye ointment.
Common Chloromycetin ide effects may include:
Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed.
This medicine is also sometimes used to treat severe bacterial infections of the eyes and ears.
Do not use Chloromycetin after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
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Use the arrow keys to navigate suggestions. WebMD Daily Subscribe WebMD Daily Subscribe to the WebMD Daily, and you'll get today's top health news and trending topics, and the latest and best information from WebMD. Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. Its use by mouth or by injection is only recommended when safer antibiotics cannot be used and if used, monitoring both blood levels of the medication and blood cell levels every two days is recommended during treatment.
Where can I get more information?
Never save medicine for future illnesses.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well during or after using Chloromycetin Eye Drops or Ointment.